Dental Exams and Cleanings

A comprehensive dental exam is integral to your oral health. As with most medical topics, early detections of a potential problem will help to minimise the trouble as well as the cost. At Family Dental a through dental exam is performed by your dentist during your initial dental visit to determine your condition and help ensure you stay on a path of good oral health.

Each check-up exams will include:

Dental x-rays if necessary
Oral cancer screening: Check of the face, neck, lips, tongue, throat, tissues, and gums for any signs of oral cancer.
Gum disease evaluation: Check the gums and bone around the teeth for any signs of periodontal disease.
Examination of tooth decay: All tooth surfaces will be checked for decay with specialized dental instruments.
Examination of existing restorations: Check current fillings, crowns, etc.

Professional Dental Cleaning

Professional dental cleanings (scaling and/or polishing) are performed by one of our Registered Dental Hygienists.

Your cleaning appointment will include a dental exam followed by:
Removal of calculus (tartar): Calculus is hardened plaque that has been left on the tooth for some time and is now firmly attached to the tooth surface. Calculus forms above and below the gum line and can only be removed with specialized dental instruments.
Removal of plaque: Plaque is a sticky, almost invisible film that forms on the teeth. It is a growing colony of living bacteria, food debris, and saliva. The bacteria produce toxins that inflame the gums. This inflammation is the start of periodontal disease!
Teeth polishing: Remove stain and plaque that is not otherwise removed during tooth brushing and scaling.


There are three basic types of x-rays, also known as radiographs:
Bitewings: Taken, on average, annually to check for cavities
Periapicals: Taken when necessary to show the entire tooth, including the roots and surrounding bone
Panorex: Taken when necessary to show the entire mouth
(all teeth including wisdoms , jaws, TM joints, etc.) and have been used to find cysts and tumors.

Radiation Concern

Exposure to radiation is extremely brief and minimal. Safety precautions such as high-speed film minimize exposure time, and lead aprons prevent exposure to surrounding areas of the body such as the head, neck and upper chest.

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